During the COVID-19 pandemic, arbitration stands out as an advantageous alternative to settle legal disputes between companies. The ordinary jurisdiction has suffered a slowdown in its processes and does not provide the fast and effective response demanded by current market operators.
Author Archive for: Jose Maria
About José María Mesa
A licensed attorney with both Business Administration and Law degrees, José María Mesa is specialized in the areas of commercial contract, corporate law and mergers and acquisitions. Working languages: Spanish and English. For any query Contact José María Mesa
Entries by José María Mesa
Electronic money institutions are companies authorized by The Bank of Spain. Their main activity is to transform customers’ money into electronic money on a commercial basis.
The remuneration of directors of a Spanish company is deductible from the corporate income tax. However, the company’s bylaws must expressly contemplate the remunerated character of the post, and the remuneration scheme used to pay the director must be determined with certainty.
Non-refundable contributions are an effective and immediate mechanism for injecting funds into a company. Its purpose may be to solve the company’s financial imbalance, provide liquidity to the company or undertake a specific project. Unlike capital increases, non-refundable contributions do not require formalization in a public deed, nor registration with the Commercial Registry.
In the following informative note, we address the Royal Legislative Decree 1/2020, of 5 May, that approves the redrafted text of the Insolvency Law, and revises its structure and key characteristics.
The state of insolvency obliges companies to apply for the insolvency proceedings. We analyse some facts that can help to identify this status, as well as the most commonly used accounting formulas to predict it: the acid test and the Altman Z-score.
The Bankruptcy Law in Spain regulates the basic aspects and the deadlines within which companies should apply for bankruptcy when their situation does not allow them to fulfil their payment obligations on a regular basis.
In Spain, the Insolvency Law provides for the processing of express insolvency proceedings for those companies with no assets nor properties (or that are of a residual nature), with the corresponding savings in time and costs that ordinary insolvency proceedings would normally entail.
With widespread application in M&A transactions, MAC clauses are a very useful instrument since, as a rule, they allow the buyer to withdraw from a transaction in case of significant adverse changes that discourage the economic aim of the contract.
Force majeure and rebus sick stantibus clauses are particularly relevant in the context of the COVID-19 health crisis. These legal instruments allow for a modification of the terms of contracts in extraordinary and unpredictable circumstances such as at present.