Age is one of the criteria established by companies to determine the workers affected by a collective dismissal procedure due to economic, technical, organisational or production reasons. When the workers are 55 years old or older, the employer is obliged to sign a special agreement.
Labour law is the set of rules and principles that regulate legal relations between employer and employee based on a voluntary, subordinate and remunerated supply of human work with the goal of guaranteeing the completion of the parties taking part in the professional relation.
The Court of Justice of the European Union ruled in a February 22, 2018 decision (Case C-103/16) that the Spanish legislation allowing for the inclusion of pregnant women in an ERE (Expediente de Regulación de Empleo or collective dismissal) is in line with Directive 92/85.
The labour group of companies is a phenomenon different from the group of companies and has very significant repercussions in a process of collective dismissal in Spain. The following article clarifies the responsibility of the company belonging to a mercantile group in a case of collective dismissal.
The degree of control that companies can exercise through the codes of conduct is limited. The activities of the workers as teachers or lecturers, or their statements in media or social networks, are left out of the codes of conduct.
In Spain, in order to calculate the severance pay of the dismissed worker who has experienced a forced absence, we must consult article 56.1ª) of E.T. The term of suspension can not be taken into account for the purposes of calculating the worker’s indemnity when he or she has been on forced leave.
In Spain, Article 52 d) of the Workers’ Statute contemplates the termination of a contract as an objective dismissal based on absences from work, regardless of whether such absences can be justified.
The features of employment in Spain are established under art. 11 of the Workers’ Statute. Their fulfilment indicates an employment relationship of third parties or subject to employment and, therefore, protected by the Statute of Workers.
One of the main conflicts that occurs increasingly often in the day to day of companies is a collision between exercising the business organization’s authority (protected by the right of entrepreneurial freedom) and the protection of the fundamental rights of employees, such as religious freedom.
Three recent judgements delve into the concept and legal interpretation of working time in Spain. The Supreme Court has declared that hours dedicated to shifts on Sundays and playing soccer with clients should be treated as working time.
In Spain, the modality of the internship contract facilitates access to the labour market for young people. This contract falls within the scope of training contracts. It has a maximum duration of 2 years and the stipulated remuneration should comply with minimum standards.