Company law and corporate governance refer to the appropriate company management and control structures as well as the rules which regulate the power relation between owner, administration board, etc. Its function is to protect the interests of the company and its shareholders and to eliminate, mitigate or resolve any conflict.

The filing of annual accounts of branches of foreign companies in Spain

One of the most problematic issues facing Spanish branches of foreign companies is the filing of accounts. In Spain, the Mercantile Registry Regulations provide for the possibility of filing the accounts of the company itself, when there is the so-called ‘equivalence control’ in both countries, or by submitting ad-hoc accounts in relation to the activity of the branch in Spain.

Company formation in Spain: SA vs SL

The main differences between the Spanish public limited liability company (SA or Sociedad Anónima) and the limited liability company (SL or Sociedad Limitada) are in terms of minimum capital stock, payment upon formation, transfer of shares or stakes or contributions to the share capital, among others.

Corporate Housekeeping Duties in Spain

For legal existence in Spain, companies must fulfil important formalities. The so-called “corporate housekeeping duties” include the registration of the company with the commercial register, the keeping of the minutes of all the meetings of the shareholders and management, the careful management of an accounting and the timely submission of the annual accounts.

Procedure to move the legal headquarters in Spain

The modification of the legal headquarters of a company in Spain has traditionally been the responsibility of the general meeting. The LSC now expedites this procedure with the entry into force of the 15/2017 Royal-Decree-Law providing a new interpretation of article 285 of the LSC and thus clarifying that the change of the registered office will be the responsibility of the Administrative Body.