Energy Law covers the regulations applicable to the production, distribution and development of energy resources. Renewable energies, as clean and almost inexhaustible resources, have gained great importance in Spain in recent years.

green hydrogen

Green hydrogen, the substitute for fossil fuels

Hydrogen is a highly reactive chemical acquired through a process known as electrolysis by which electrical currents facilitate the breakdown of water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen.

energy retailer Spain

Energy trading in Spain: requirements and market players

Energy retailers are companies that access the transmission or distribution networks, acquire energy and sell it to final customers. Registration as an energy retailer company requires fulfilling some requirements.

green hydrogen

Regulatory framework of green hydrogen in Spain

Hydrogen production is an industrial activity classified within the chemical industry to produce inorganic gas. Its regulatory framework is still limited in Spain; hence, the application of other regulations prevails.

green hydrogen Spain

Green Hydrogen in Spain, the applicable legal framework for project development

Green hydrogen appears to be a hot topic in the renewable energy sector. Many argue that Spain could be the ideal place for developing these projects, thanks to its plenty of sun and available land. Learn more about the legal framework for the development of “green hydrogen production projects in Spain.

grid capacity Spain

Energy law in Spain (4): Innovations for identifying and securing free grid capacity of the electricity grid

The changes introduced by Royal Decree-Law 23/2020 and Royal Decree 1183/2020 include important innovations regarding the future identification of free network capacity for energy projects in Spain and grant important benefits in cases of hybridization of projects. The new regulation also provides clarity in the case of modification of projects that already have grid connection and feed-in authorization.

grid capacity Spain

Energy law in Spain (3): Applicable deadlines for project development and their consequences

Renewable energy projects development in Spain requires a security deposit of EUR 40/kW. Linking this requirement to strict deadlines is encouraging active projects. Learn more about the most relevant regulations: Royal Decree-Law 23/2020, dated June 23, 2020, and the latest Royal Decree 1183/2020, dated June 23, 2020.

grid connection feed-in permits

Energy Law in Spain (2): The Interlocutor Único de Nudo (IUN)

Royal Decree 1183/2020, of 29th December 2020, includes substantial modification regarding the granting procedure concerning grid connection feed-in permits for energy projects in Spain. Important innovations concern the unification of the procedure for the award of grid connection and feed-in permits as well as the often-criticised ‘Interlocutor Único de Nudo’ (IUN). Learn about the most relevant aspects of the new regulation!

circular 1/2021

Access rights and grid connection to transmission and distribution networks in Spain, Circular 1/2021

NCMC’s Circular 1/2021, dated 20 January, develops a regulatory framework whose primary purpose is to facilitate grid access to electricity producers, including energy storage facilities. It removes obstacles that could prevent access to new market operators and electricity from renewable energy sources.

grid connection feed-in permits

Energy Law in Spain (1): New regulation for grid connection and feed-in permits

Royal Decree 1183/2020, of 29th December 2020, introduces relevant modifications on grid connection and feed-in permits for energy projects in Spain. An overview of the essential aspects of the new regulations.

The enforcement of financial guarantees in photovoltaic projects

The enforcement of financial guarantees in photovoltaic projects: The Royal Decree-law 23/2020

Royal Decree-law 23/2020 approves a new framework that identifies a series of steps to develop energy projects in Spain. It highlights a higher degree of compliance and certainty for the energy market but implies a higher level of risk for developers and investors.