Force majeure and rebus sic stantibus clauses are particularly relevant in the context of the COVID-19 health crisis. These legal instruments allow for a modification of the terms of contracts in extraordinary and unpredictable circumstances such as at present.
Author Archive for: Jose Maria
About José María Mesa
A licensed attorney with both Business Administration and Law degrees, José María Mesa is specialized in the areas of commercial contract, corporate law and mergers and acquisitions. Working languages: Spanish and English. For any query Contact José María Mesa
Entries by José María Mesa
Informative note on the Royal Decree-Law 16/2020, of 28th April, regarding procedural and organisational measures to deal with Covid-19, especially concerning measures on insolvency proceedings.
Within the organisation of a company there are several managerial positions. Materially they differ in terms of their functions, but also formally, since each of them is subject to a different legal system, with the consequences that derive from it (labour or commercial relationship).
The executive directors are members of the board of directors of a company that combine management and deliberative functions -proper for directors-, with decision execution functions -associated to the figure of senior executive-.
Law 1/2019 of 20 February refers to business and trade secrets and establishes a clear and unequivocal definition of the unlawful actions and exclusions it contemplates. This law transposes Directive (EU) 2016/943 of 8 June 2016 into Spanish law.
This article addresses the concept of the so-called ‘stock options’ -or action plans for employees in its Spanish translation- as it represents an additional compensation that has spread very quickly in Spain.
The phantom shares contract constitutes an alternative form of remuneration of key executives and managers. Among its various advantages, a company can retain and motivate staff or convert fixed costs into variables.
Phantom shares constitute a mechanism widely used by start-ups to reward talent. Unlike what happens with stock options, phantom shares are not an offering of the company’s real shares but are rather fictitious.
The modification of the bylaws is a regular situation in the life of any commercial business that consists of adapting its basic model of organization and operation to the changes experienced by the company.
A director is any natural or legal person, who, directly or through representation, exercises the management or administration functions of a company.