Distribution contracts are one of the most commonly used trade contracts in business. Hence it is necessary to have a proper knowledge of their functioning in order to avoid conflicts arising from their breach.
Author Archive for: Nicolas Melchior
About Nicolás Melchior
A Law graduate from the Universidad Carlo III de Madrid, Nicolás Melchior specialises in corporate Law, commercial contracts and electronic commerce.
Working languages: Spanish, German, English and French.
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Entries by Nicolás Melchior
The latest Supreme Court’s sentences validate video surveillance evidence under certain circumstances and after fulfilling specific formal requirements, such as proportionality and notification to the employee, as a fair cause for disciplinary dismissal.
Recent judgments on abusive clauses oblige institutions and professionals who offer personal loans to consumers residing in Spain to review and adapt the clauses to legal constraints. Find here practical advice to implement.
Penalty clauses in commercial contracts are extra obligations provided in the commercial contract. Their increasing use aims to ensure compliance with the primary obligation in that incompliance allows for reimbursement.
Business succession in Spain must be achieved with a certain degree of care in order to respect all the legal aspects of the acquired company and ensure a peaceful future for the acquiring company. In this way, the social guarantees that are enumerated in Article 44 of the Workers’ Statute should not be forgotten.
Law 34/2002 incorporates into Spanish law Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and the Council on certain aspects of the services of the information society, in particular in regards to electronic commerce. It regulates injunctions for the protection of consumer interests, as well as the actions and sanctions against behaviors contravening provisions of the Law.
The fight against money laundering focuses on eliminating the laundering of funds or assets obtained through illegal activities. Not only are credit institutions and investment service companies obliged to comply with national and international legislation, but so are notaries, lawyers, and prosecutors.
As an intangible asset of a company, a patent is an economic tool. It provides its owner with a competitive advantage by granting a monopoly that enables the owner to prohibit any use of the invention without the owner’s consent.
A trade mark is a distinctive sign indicating products and services. Registration confers an exploitation monopoly to the depositor who can prohibit use of his or her distinctive sign by any third party. To protect his or her brand is essential; it prevents a third party from taking advantage of efforts invested in the product or service. In Spain, rights in trademarks are acquired with registration. A trademark is protected for ten years and is renewable infinitely.
Spanish judges admitted, subject to fulfilling certain conditions, that personal employee communications contained in a professional computer may be subject to control by an employer. The matter of control of SMS messages on a professional mobile phone, decided by French courts, has not yet been decided in Spanish case law.