The figure of the construction developer was not defined uniformly in Spanish legislation until the entry into force of the LOE. Article 9 establishes that a construction developer is understood as a promoter and what his obligations are, while Article 17 determines his civil liability regime.
Author Archive for: Nicolas Melchior
About Nicolás Melchior
A Law graduate from the Universidad Carlo III de Madrid, Nicolás Melchior specialises in corporate Law, commercial contracts and electronic commerce.
Working languages: Spanish, German, English and French.
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Entries by Nicolás Melchior
The Building Regulation Act (BRA) in Spain establishes in article 8 that all people involved in a building process are to be considered building agents. It is worth considering who is classified under this condition as well as the different types of building agents in Spain.
Arbitration, as an alternative to judicial procedures for conflict resolution, has certain characteristics that make it highly recommended. Its advantages are, on the one hand, the quickness of the procedure, and on the other, the freedom that it offers in choosing the way in which procedures are conducted, such as the language, the place or the regulations applicable to them.
Distribution contracts are one of the most commonly used trade contracts in business. Hence it is necessary to have a proper knowledge of their functioning in order to avoid conflicts arising from their breach.
The latest Supreme Court’s sentences validate video surveillance evidence under certain circumstances and after fulfilling specific formal requirements, such as proportionality and notification to the employee, as a fair cause for disciplinary dismissal.
Recent judgments on abusive clauses oblige institutions and professionals who offer personal loans to consumers residing in Spain to review and adapt the clauses to legal constraints. Find here practical advice to implement.
Penalty clauses in commercial contracts are extra obligations provided in the commercial contract. Their increasing use aims to ensure compliance with the primary obligation in that incompliance allows for reimbursement.
Business succession in Spain must be achieved with a certain degree of care in order to respect all the legal aspects of the acquired company and ensure a peaceful future for the acquiring company. In this way, the social guarantees that are enumerated in Article 44 of the Workers’ Statute should not be forgotten.
Law 34/2002 incorporates into Spanish law Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and the Council on certain aspects of the services of the information society, in particular in regards to electronic commerce. It regulates injunctions for the protection of consumer interests, as well as the actions and sanctions against behaviors contravening provisions of the Law.
The fight against money laundering focuses on eliminating the laundering of funds or assets obtained through illegal activities. Not only are credit institutions and investment service companies obliged to comply with national and international legislation, but so are notaries, lawyers, and prosecutors.