Entries by Karl H. Lincke

Fintech and Consumer protection

Fintech is on the rise and competing with financial institutions. Fintech firms offer consumers benefits such as more and easier options for funding. However, there is a catch. While offering benefits to consumers who would be unable to receive such benefits via traditional financial institutions, these fintech services also create risks for consumers.

Sun Tax on Photovoltaic systems in Spain

The new law regarding the taxation of photovoltaic systems in Spain requires that households operating this technology pay grid fees in addition to a ´sun tax´. Furthermore, it regulates the selling of electricity from private households. The fines for not complying with the restrictions can reach a height of €60 million. However, installations smaller than 10kW and specific locations are exempt from this law.

Legal requirements and benefits of the Spanish patent box

The Spanish patent box is not a Spanish company form, but a privileged form of investment for Spanish companies. Its purpose is tax savings for intellectual property income. Thus, the attractiveness of the business location in Spain and its internationalization is promoted. The legal basis is Article 23 of the Corporate Income Tax Law. The usual corporate forms include the Limited Liability Company and the Public Limited Company.

Appeal against the reduction of feed-in tariffs in Spain

Foreign investors are following three appeals against the reduction of feed-in tariffs in Spain: the transition before the national courts, the transition to Court of Justice or the assertion of claims under the so-called Energy Charter Treaty. The Spanish economic crisis has meant that, due to the budget deficit, allowances were completely deleted. This led to the existential threat for many companies.

Internet of Things (Iot): Legal Considerations for Businesses

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the connection of devices and/or objects to the internet in order to collect and collate data of how they are being used. Due to its complex systems and cross-border nature, data protection laws regarding the IoT are still being developed and modified by regulators. Therefore businesses have to be wary and keep themselves updated of the legal regulations regarding data collection via the IoT.