Articles 41 and 51 of the Labour Law in Spain establish the procedure to be followed in the negotiating of the conditions of an employee’s work contract, as well as in the case of its expiry, when said contract affects all workers.
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The modification of Article 34 of the Workers’ Statute through Royal Decree-Law 8/2019 introduces new regulations for companies to comply with. Maintenance of the daily record of working hours (start and end times) is one of the new measures.
Age is one of the criteria established by companies to determine the workers affected by a collective dismissal procedure due to economic, technical, organisational or production reasons. When the workers are 55 years old or older, the employer is obliged to sign a special agreement.
In Spain, in order to calculate the severance pay of the dismissed worker who has experienced a forced absence, we must consult article 56.1ª) of E.T. The term of suspension can not be taken into account for the purposes of calculating the worker’s indemnity when he or she has been on forced leave.
In Spain, Article 52 d) of the Workers’ Statute contemplates the termination of a contract as an objective dismissal based on absences from work, regardless of whether such absences can be justified.
The features of employment in Spain are established under art. 11 of the Workers’ Statute. Their fulfilment indicates an employment relationship of third parties or subject to employment and, therefore, protected by the Statute of Workers.
One of the main conflicts that occurs increasingly often in the day to day of companies is a collision between exercising the business organization’s authority (protected by the right of entrepreneurial freedom) and the protection of the fundamental rights of employees, such as religious freedom.
In Spain, the modality of the internship contract facilitates access to the labour market for young people. This contract falls within the scope of training contracts. It has a maximum duration of 2 years and the stipulated remuneration should comply with minimum standards.
Overtime is paid twice in Spain: (1) as integral to the base cost of profesional contingencies, unemployment, FOGASA and professional training, at the rate at which each case corresponds, and (2) as a consequence of the existence of a specific additional cost.
After the dismissal of an employee, an employer who obtains information about new infringements liable to penalty involving the disciplinary dismissal by the employee could resort to the institution of a precautionary or ad cautelam dismissal.