Entries by Nicolás Melchior

Major modifications to work conditions contract in Spain

The modifications to work conditions contracts in Spain include: significant modifications to the employment contract, required conditions for significant modification to work conditions, types of significant modifications to work conditions, communication of the decision on significant modifications to work conditions, and opportunies available to the employees with regards to individual and collective framework.

The Economic Significance of the EU Data Protection Reform

The objectives of the data protection reform is to provide a higher level of control over collected data and unify data protection rules across the European Union. In the practice these measures will cut costs for Spanish companies who are operating in other member countries and thus make them more competitive on the global market.

Penalty System of the Spanish Law on Protection of Personal Information

Following the reform of the penalty system of the LOPD, where authority reverts back to the Spanish Agency on the Protection of Information, both those individuals responsible for the files (organizations that treat personal information directly) and those in charge of the treatment of this information (organizations that handle Personal Information under commission) will be subject to the penalty regime of the LOPD.

Objective Dismissals in Spain: Dismissal for Organizational Reasons

The Spanish Labour Legislation contains a number of grounds for objective dismissal, and among these is the category of dismissals for economic, organizational, technical, and production reasons. These reasons are the same as the Spanish Legislation granted for collective redundancies, differing only in the number of workers affected by the termination of their employment contracts. […]

Amendments to the Right of Withdrawal in Electronic Commerce in Spain

The adaptation of Directive 2011/83/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on Consumer Rights has caused several changes to the Right of Withdrawal. These changes are necessary when drafting or amending the general terms and conditions of B2C electronic commerce. The Directive 2011/83/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of October […]

Consent To Use Cookies in Spain

This article highlights the essential aspects that information company service providers in Spain must observe to prevent the use of cookies in websites that may result in the violation of a user’s rights. Cookies represent the primary online advertising tool due to their expansive use and commercial utility. Nevertheless, Spanish users should not forget that […]